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错误也因地而异   

2009-12-30 07:26:41|  分类: 翻译写作 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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下面是从网上看到的《十大常见英语用词错误》,或名之为《老外也常犯的十大英语错误》。其实,这些错误老外常犯,中国学英语者却很少犯。如:You’reYour到底有多少人犯呢,常见吗?还有ThenThan,中国有人会像例句“The accounting department had more problems then we did.那样把比较的than拼写成then吗?所以,题名《老外也常犯的十大英语错误》中的“也”字去掉才恰当。

文中所谈错误,对中国英语学习者来说,远不如I very like it/His body is good/ My English is poor之类的错误更常见。中国有自己特色的英语错误。正所谓“桔生淮南则为桔,桔生淮北则为枳”,语言的土壤不一样。

附:十大常见英语用词错误本文来自煎蛋(http://jandan.net/),作者为sein

1. Looselose
错:I always loose the product key.
对:I always lose the product key.

2. It'sits (严格拼写是 its')
错:Download the HTA, along with it's readme file.
对:Download the HTA, along with its readme file.
错:The laptop is overheating and its making that funny noise again.
对:The laptop is overheating and it's making that funny noise again.

3. They'retheirthere
错:The managers are in they're weekly planning meeting.
对:The managers are in their weekly planning meeting.
错:The techs have to check there cell phones at the door, and their not happy about it.
对:The techs have to check their cell phones at the door, and they're not happy about it.

4. i.e.e.g.
错:Use an anti-spyware program (i.e., AdAware).
对:Use an anti-spyware program (e.g., AdAware).
注:i.e. 意为 "that is"; e.g. 意思是 "for example." 二者后面都要加逗号.

5. Effectaffect
错:The outage shouldn't effect any users during work hours.
对:The outage shouldn't affect any users during work hours.
对:The outage shouldn't have any effect on users.
对:We will effect several changes during the downtime.
注:Impact 不是动词. 你可以考虑用 affect 来代替:
错:The outage shouldn't impact any users during work hours.
对:The outage shouldn't affect any users during work hours.
对:The outage should have no impact on users during work hours.

6. You'reyour
错:Remember to defrag you're machine on a regular basis.
对:Remember to defrag your machine on a regular basis.
错:Your right about the changes.
对:You're right about the changes.

7. Different thandifferent from
错:This setup is different than the one at the main office.
对:This setup is different from the one at the main office.
对:This setup is better than the one at the main office.

8. Laylie
错:I got dizzy and had to lay down.
对:I got dizzy and had to lie down.
对:Just lay those books over there.

9. Thenthan
错:The accounting department had more problems then we did.
对:The accounting department had more problems than we did.
注:当一个句子以 If 开头时,你并不需要接着来一个 then. Then 完全是多余的:
错:If you can't get Windows to boot, then you'll need to call Ted.
对:If you can't get Windows to boot, you'll need to call Ted.

10. Could of, would ofcould have, would have
错:I could of installed that app by mistake.
对:I could have installed that app by mistake.
错:I would of sent you a meeting notice, but you were out of town.
对:I would have sent you a meeting notice, but you were out of town.

另外也附上一篇中国人最易犯错的30句英语

1. I very like it
 I like it very much.
  
2. 这个价格对我挺合适的。
 The price is very suitable for me.
 The price is right.
 Notesuitable(合适的、相配的)最常见的用法是以否定的形式出现在告示或通知上,如:下列节目儿童不宜。The following programme is not suitable for children在这组句子中用后面的说法会更合适。
  
3. 你是做什么工作的呢?
What’s your job?
 Are you working at the moment?
Note
what’s your job这种说法难道也有毛病吗?是的。因为如果您的谈话对象刚刚失业,如此直接的问法会让对方有失面子,所以您要问:目前您是在上班吗?Are you working at the moment? 接下来您才问:目前您在哪儿工作呢?Where are you working these days? 或者您从事哪个行业呢?What
line of work are you in?顺带说一下,回答这类问题时不妨说得具体一点,不要只是说经理或者秘书
  
4. 用英语怎么说?
How to say?
 How do you say this in English?
NoteHow to say是在中国最为泛滥成灾的中国式英语之一,这决不是地道的英语说法。同样的句子有:请问这个词如何拼写?How do you spell that please?请问这个单词怎么读?How do you pronounce this word?

5. 明天我有事情要做。
I have something to do tomorrow?
 Sorry but I am tied up all day tomorrow.
I have something to do来表示您很忙,这也完全是中国式的说法。因为每时每刻我们都有事情要做,躺在那里睡大觉也是事情。所以您可以说我很忙,脱不开身:I’m tied up.还有其他的说法:I’m I can’t make it at that time. I’d love to, but I can’t, I have to stay at home.   
6. 我没有英文名。
I haven’t English name.
 I don’t have an English name.
Note:许多人讲英语犯这样的错误,从语法角度来分析,可能是语法功底欠缺,因为have在这里是实义动词,而并不是在现在完成时里面那个没有意义的助动词。所以,这句话由肯定句变成否定句要加助动词。
明白道理是一回事,习惯是另一回事,请您再说几话:我没有钱;I don’t have any money.我没有兄弟姐妹;I don’t have any brothers or sisters.我没有车。I don’t have a car.   
7. 我想我不行。
I think I can’t.
 I don’t think I can.
Note:这一组然是个习惯问题,在语法上称为否定前置,这就是汉语里面说我想我不会的时候,英语里面总是说我不认为我会。以后您在说类似的英语句子的时候,只要您留心,也会习惯英语的说法的,  
 8. 我的舞也跳得不好。
I don’t dance well too.
 I am not a very good dancer either.
Note:当我们说不擅长做什么事情的时候,英语里面通常用not good at something,英语的思维甚至直接踊跃到:我不是一个好的舞者。  
9. 现在几点钟了?
What time is it now?
 What time is it, please?
NoteWhat time is it now这是一个直接从汉语翻译过的句子,讲英语的时候没有必要说now,因为您不可能问what time was it yesterday, 或者what time is it tomorrow?所以符合英语习惯的说法是:请问现在几点了?还有一种说法是:How are we doing for time?这句话在有时间限制的时候特别合适  
10. 我的英语很糟糕。
My English is poor.
 I am not 100% fluent, but at least I am improving.
Note:有人开玩笑说,全中国人最擅长的一句英文是:My English is poor.实话说,我从来没有遇到一个美国人对我说:My Chinese is poor. 无论他们的汉语是好是坏,他们会说: I am still having a few problem, but I getting better.
   
当您告诉外国人,您的英语很poorso what(那又怎么样呢),是要让别人当场施舍给我们一些英语呢,还是说我的英语不好,咱们不谈了吧。
另外一个更大的弊端是,一边不停的学英语,一边不停地说自己的英语很poor,这正像有个人一边给车胎充气,又一边在车胎上扎孔放气。
  
我坚信,先不谈别的,如果您现在就苦下功夫,把这本薄薄的《英语54321》吃通吃透,您的英语水平立即就会迅速的提高。所以您再也不用说:我的英语很poor.
   
您可以实事求事[]地说,我的英语还不算十分流利,但至少我在进步。  
11. 你愿意参加我们的晚会吗?
Would you like to join our party on Friday?
 Would you like to come to our party on Friday night?
Notejoin往往是指参加俱乐部或者协会,如:join a health club; join the Communist Party.事实上,常常与party搭配的动词的come 或者go。如go a wild party,或者come to a Christmas Party  
12. 我没有经验。
I have no experience.
 I am I don’t know much about that.
NoteI have no experience这句话听起来古里古怪,因为您只需要说:那方面我懂得不多,或者这方面我不在行,就行了。I am not really an expert in this area.   
13. 我没有男朋友。
I have no boyfriend.
 I don’t have a boyfriend.   
14. 他的身体很健康。
His body is healthy.
 He is in good health. You can also say: He’s healthy.   
15. 价钱很昂贵/便宜。
The price is too expensive/cheap.
 The price is too high/ rather low.
16. 我们下了车。
We got off the car.
 We got out of the car.   
17. 车速快了。The speed of the car is fast.
The car is speeding. Or “The car is going too fast.”   
18. 这个春节你回家吗?
 Will you be going back home for the Spring Festival?
 是的,我回去。
Of course! (这一句是错的) 当然。

 Sure. / Certainly.(这种说法是正确的)
 以英语为母语的人使用of course的频率要比中国的学生低得多,只有在回答一些众所周知的问题时才说of course。因为of course后面隐含的一句话是当然我知道啦!难道我是一个傻瓜吗?因此,of course带有挑衅的意味。在交谈时,用surecertainly效果会好得多。同时,of course not也具挑衅的意味。正常情况下语气温和的说法是certainly not.   
19. 我觉得右手很疼。
I feel very painful in my right hand.
 My right hand is very painful. Or “ My right hand hurts(aches).”   
20. 他看到她很惊讶。
He looked at her and felt surprised.
 He looked at her in surprise.   
21. 我读过你的小说但是没料到你这么年轻。
I have read your novels but I didn't think you could be so young.
 After having read your novel, I expected that you would be older.   
22. 她脸红了,让我看穿了她的心思。
 Her red face made me see through her mind.
 Correct: Her red face told me what she was thinking.   
23. 看到这幅画让我想到了我的童年时代。
 The sight of these pictures made me remember my own childhood.
 Correct: Seeing these pictures reminded me of my own childhood.   
24. 别理她。Don't pay attention to her.
 Leave her alone.   
25. 我在大学里学到了许多知识。
 I get a lot of knowledge in the university.
 I learned a lot in university.   
26. 黄山正在读书。
 Samuel is reading a book.
 Samuel is reading.   
27. exciting / excited  
28. 我遇到了很多困难。
I am having many difficulties.
I am having a few problems / lots of problems.   
29. 请快点走,否则我们会迟到的。
 Please hurry to walk or we'll be late.
 Please hurry up or we'll be late.   
30. 她由嫉妒转向失望。
She was so jealous that she became desperate.
Jealousy drove her to despair.

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