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How to write a letter of application(如何写求职信)  

2010-02-23 08:14:20|  分类: 翻译写作 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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     The purpose of letter of application is to help you sell yourself. It should state clearly the job you want, and should tell what your abilities are and what you have to offer. It should give a quick, clear picture of your qualifications, your accomplishments and your aims. It should present you to possible employers in the best light.(求职信的目的是要帮你推销自己。信里要讲清楚你想找的工作、你的能力有哪些以及你能提供什么。它应该能让人快速清楚地了解你的资历、成就和目标。它应该帮你向你未来的老板做最好地展示。)

    A well-written letter of application does not necessarily guarantee a position; but it does insure consideration and a better chance of an interview. You cannot hope to get your whole story into a letter, but you should cover enough ground to intrigue the prospective employer and make him want to see you, speak to you and find out more about you.(写好一封求职信并不一定能保证你得到工作,但这的确能保证对方考虑,保证你面试的机会更大。虽然不能把所有事情一封信都讲清楚,但是,信里应该足够的信息引起你未来老板的兴趣,让他想面见你,想与你交谈,想更深地了解你。)

     Type your letter of application if possible, for a typed letter is easier to read than a handwritten one. Use standard business-size stationery of good quality, plain white and unlined. (如果可能,就要把求职信打印出。因为打印的信比手写的更易辨认阅读。选用标准商务信纸,优质的、纯白色且没有横线的。) 

When writing a letter of application, use simple, familiar words that express your meaning clearly. Watch your spelling; be sure your punctuation and grammar are correct; avoid the misuse of words; avoid long, involved, confusing sentences. (写求职信时,用简单熟悉的词语清楚地表达。注意拼写;保证标点与语法没有错误;避免词语错用;避免使用复杂让人糊涂不清的长句)

     The opening paragraph of your letter is perhaps the most important part of it. For if the first few sentences fail to win the reader's attention, the rest of the letter may not be read at all. Try to key your opening remarks to the needs or interests of the prospective employer -- not to your own needs or desires. Offer something instead of asking for something. Right at the start in the very first sentence if you can, make it clear that you have a giving attitude rather than a getting attitude. Put yourself in the reader's place; try to imagine the questions he would ask if he were seated across the table from you; try to capture his attention by showing a knowledge of, or a special interest in, his particular business.(信的开头可能是最重要的。因为前几句话如果不能抓住读者的注意,后面的可能就一眼也不看了。你开头的话要调整一下,使之符合你未来老板的需求或利益――而不是你自己的需求或愿望。要贡献而不是索取。如果能够的话,开篇第一句就清楚表示,你的态度是“给予”而不是“获得”。把自己放在读者的位置;想象他如果坐在你桌子对面会问什么问题;要对那种工作表现出你的相关知识或特别爱好,来抓住他的注意力。)

        For example, instead of opening your letter with some such trite, worn-out statement as, "I saw your advertisement in today's paper," plan your first sentence to arouse interest at once. You might say, "I have made a careful study of your advertising during the past six months," or, "I have made a survey in my neighbor-hood to find out how many housewives use your product and why they like it."(例如,信开头不写“我在今天的报纸上看到你们的广告”等陈词俗套开头,设计一下开头的句子,立即引起注意。你可以说,“在这半年里,我认真研究了你们的广告”,或“我在我家附近做了一次调查,想弄清楚多少家庭妇女使用你们的产品以及她们为何喜欢”。)

     Try to keep you letter as brief and concise as you can. However be sure you tell everything about yourself that you think is necessary for getting the job.

 

Don'ts in prepare your letter of application(求职信写作中几个“不要”)

1. Don't brag or boast; if you have some outstanding ability, simply state the facts and let the employer draw his own conclusions.(不要吹嘘;若有突出本领,只需如实陈述,让聘用者自己作出结论。)

2. Don't be a bore; when you've said what you have to say, close the letter. Don't add postscripts.(不要絮叨;说完要说的,信即结束。不要加附言。)

3. Don't offer to work for very little "to get experience." It's unwise to sell yourself as a bargain. People take you at your own estimate of yourself; and if you don't think you are worth much, no one else will.(不要提出为“获得经历”可少要工资。低价推销是不明智的。人们待你是根据你的自我估价;如果你认为自己价值不高,那谁也不会认为你高。)

4. Don't say you are not interested in salary; that makes it sound as though you are.(不要说工资高低你不在乎;那听起来像是你很在乎。)

5. Don't use the vague and ambiguous "etc." For example, don't say "I can typewrite, operate a switchboard, etc." Enumerate all your capabilities. (不要使用含混模棱两可的“等等”。例如,不要说“我能打字,能操作电话交换机,等等”。列出你所有的本领。)

6. Don't complain about, or criticize, a former employer. That hurts your chances more than it helps them.(不要抱怨或批评原来的老板。那样不会帮你获得工作,还会起反作用。)

7. Don't make demands. Don't write in an aggrieved tone, as though the world owes you a job and you are determined to get it. Employers are quick to perceive and to resent such an attitude.(不要提让人觉得你有权怎样的要求。写信的语气不要愤愤不平,好像世界欠你一个工作,你志在必得。聘用者对这种态度很敏感,一见就厌恶。)

8. Don't emphasize your needs, your hopes, your plans ... what you expect or what from the job. Keep the employer's interests foremost...Tell him what he will get and how he will benefit.(不要强调你的需求、你的希望、你的打算... ...你期望从工作中得到的。把聘用方的利益放在首位... ...告诉他聘用你他将得到什么,他将如何获益。)

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