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“缘溪行”的翻译   

2010-03-27 08:27:34|  分类: 翻译写作 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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    陶渊明的《桃花源记》中有一句“缘溪行”:

晋太元中,武陵人捕鱼为业,缘溪行,忘路之远近。忽逢桃花林,夹岸数百步,中无杂树,芳草鲜美,落英缤纷;渔人甚异之。复前行,欲穷其林。林尽水源,便得一山。山有小口,仿佛若有光,便舍船,从口入。

其中“缘”是“沿着”,以“along”来译应该没什么问题,可“缘溪行”的“行”字怎么译,这问题就十分有趣了。

先看林语堂的翻译:

During the reign of Taiyuan of Chin, there was a fisherman of Wuling. One day he was walking along a bank. After having gone a certain distance, he suddenly came upon a peach grove which extended along the bank for about a hundred yards. He noticed with surprise that the grove had a magic effect, so singularly free from the usual mingling of brushwood, while the beautifully grassy ground was covered with its rose petals. He went further to explore, and when he came to the end of the grove, he saw a spring which came from a cave in the hill, Having noticed that there seemed to be a weak light in the cave, he tied up his boat and decided to go in and explore.

林语堂先生译为“沿着河岸走(walking along a bank”。不知走了多远,忽然见到一片桃花林,……又向前走……,就把船栓定(tied up his boat,入洞探个究竟。既在岸上走,如何后来又将船系住?难道他是沿着河岸“负船而行”?到后来“既出,得其船,便扶向路”,不会又扛船而回吧?林先生把“行”译为“walking”,结果前后文难以呼应,情理上也说不通。

  有人译为“strolled on the bank of a stream”,情况相似。不过,“stroll”一词,似乎更不妥当。文章描写“捕鱼为业”者,没有必要强调他行走之“缓慢悠闲”。如果能悠然漫步于桃林,耳听溪上清风,目醉山间明月,那么,对于“往来种作”的桃源之人,“又何羡乎”?

奈达译为had forgotten how farhe had gone in following a stream

罗经国译为…he rowed his boat along a stream…

方重译为One day he rowed up a stream,

感觉从奈达到罗经国再到方重,译文一个好过一个。欲知详情如何,且待猴年马月下回分解。

附:奈达、罗经国、方重相关译文
 

(奈达译)During the Tai-Yuan period of the Chin Dynasty, a fisherman from Wuling had forgotten how far he had gone in following a stream. Suddenly he came to a large orchard of peach trees in blossom, and for quite a distance there was no other kind of tree on either bank of the stream. The sweet-smelling grass was fresh and beautiful, and the fallen blossoms carpeted the ground. The fisherman was filled with wonder. He went on, intent on going through the wooded area. But when he had passed on through, he came to the spring that fed the stream, and by it was a hill with a small, dim opening. The fisherman then left his boat and walked on into the opening.

(罗经国译)In the year of Taiyuan1 of the Jin Dynasty, there lived a man in Wuling2 jun who earned his living by fishing. One day, he rowed his boat along a stream, unaware of how far he had gone when all of a sudden, he found himself in the midst of a wood full of peach blossoms. The wood extended several hundred footsteps along both banks of the stream. There were no trees of other kinds. The lush grass was fresh and beautiful and peach petals fell in riotous profusion. The fisherman was so curious that he rowed on, in hopes of discovering where the trees ended. At the end of the wood was the fountainhead of the stream. The fisherman beheld a hill, with a small opening from which issued a glimmer of light. He stepped ashore to explore the crevice.

(方重译)During the reign of Emperor Shao-Wu of Eastern Tsin there was once a native of Wuling, who lived on fishing. One day he rowed up a stream, and soon forgot how far he had gone. All of a sudden he came upon a peach grove. For hundreds of paces along both banks of the stream, the peach-trees were in full bloom. No other trees were to be seen in the whole grove. The soft grass looked fresh and beautiful. Here and there falling blossoms were dancing gracefully in a thousand hues. The fisherman was beside himself with amazement. He went on further in order to reach the uppermost limits of the grove. As the peaches came to an end, the headsprings of the stream was found to issue from the side of a mountain. A narrow cave-like opening showed him some light that seemed to emerge from within. Leaving his boat he ventured in.

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